Master of Fisheries and Marine Biotechnology

PROFILE OF THE STUDY PROGRAM S2 FISHERIES AND MARINE BIOTECHNOLOGY
Master of Fisheries and Marine Biotechnology was founded according to Rector Decree No.1584/H3Kr/2009 with the operational permit according to Rector Decree No. 15005/H3/KR/2010, extended to 15 February 2016. Since 2019, this program has been managed by Faculty of Fisheries and Marine. This study program commits to develop fisheries and marine biotechnology concerning on aquatic biota health biotechnology, aquaculture biotechnology and fishery product biotechnology.
Vision of Master of Fisheries and Marine Biotechnology
Become an independent, innovative and advance study program implementing morality aspects in developing science and technology relating fisheries biotechnology in the national and international level.
Mission of Master of Fisheries and Marine Biotechnology
1. Conducting effective education to develop fisheries and marine biotechnology to improve the quality intellectuality.
2. Researching on Fisheries and Marine Biotechnology, recognized in the national and international.
3. Empowering communities in the scoop of Fisheries and Marine Biotechnology.
4. Engaging stakeholder in improving competence and reinforcing the partnership.
Graduate Profile
Graduate of Master Program of Fisheries and Marine Biotechnology will have one of the following capability such as:
1.    Decision Maker: capable of justifying health status of aquatic biota through implementation of biotechnology.
2.    Researcher: capable of developing fisheries and marine biotechnology in improving the quality of fishery products.
3.    Manager: capable of developing fisheries and marine biotechnology in improving the quality of fishery products.
4.    Planer: capable of planning biotechnology development and sustaining fishery commodities.
Learning Outcome
Graduate learning outcome of this study program as outlined on the graduate competitiveness standard consists of three aspects namely attitude, knowledge and skills including general and specific skills.
Attitude
1.    Obedient to the God and be able to demonstrate the religious attitude.
2.    Upholding the value of humanity in carrying out duties based on religion, morals and ethics.
3.    Contributing in improving the quality of social life, nation, state, and progress of civilization based on Pancasila.
4.    Acting as citizens which is pride and patriotism, nationalism, and responsibility to the state and nation.
5.    Appreciating cultural diversity, religious views, and beliefs, as well as the opinions or findings of others.
6.    Cooperative and having social sensitivity as well as concern to community and environment.
7.    Obey the law and discipline in social life and state.
8.    Internalizing of values, norms, and academic ethics.
9.    Exhibiting the responsible attitude towards the work in the field of expertise independently.
10.  Internalizing the spirit of independence, struggle, and entrepreneurship.
11.  Realizing excellence with morality.
General Skill
1.    Capable of developing logical, critical, systematic and creative thinking through scientific research, design or art of science and technology that implements humanistic aspect based on their expertise, synthesize scientific concept and study based on the role and ethical aspects in the form of master thesis published in an accredited journal;
2.    Capable of validating academic or studies relating their expertise in solving problem faced by relevant societies or industries through developing their expertise;
3.    Capable of initiating scientific idea, thought and arguments responsibly and based on academic ethics, then disseminate through media for academic and societies in general;
4.    Capable of identifying relevant knowledge becoming their research object and connect to the research map developed through interdisciplinary and multi-disciplinary approaches;
5.    Capable of making decision in solving problem of technology application that implements humanistic aspect based on data and information obtained from experimental study;
6.    Capable of organizing, developing and intensifying teamwork quality in their home insitution or outside by orienting to work quality in an apprpriate time;
7.    Capable of improving learning capacity independently;
8.    Capable of documenting, archiving, securing and investigating prototype data, design, or art in ensuring rights and avoiding plagiarism.
Specific Skill
Major of Aquatic Biota Health Biotechnology
1.    Capable of analyzing aquatic biota health based on biotechnology to intensify the disease free- marine and aquaculture products quality.
2.    Capable of analyzing kinds of diseases in fish by using appropriate molecular diagnostic technique.
3.    Capable of creating quality prevetive methods in developing biotechnology based aquaculture.
4.    Capable of developing aquatic biota engineering that is resistant to pathogenic infection and environmental changes.
5.    Capable of developing biotechnological preventive and curative method towards pathogens in aquatic biota.
Major of Aquaculture Biotechnology
1.    Capable of developing disease free broodstock and seeds of aquatic biota quality through aquaculture engineering
2.    Capable of conducting aquatic environment quality in supporting aquaculture biotechnology
3.    Capable of arranging biotechnology based aquatic biota aquaculture to intensify aquaculture and fisheries production.
4.    Capable of creating formulation and fish feed technology supporting aquaculture intensification.
Major of Fisheries Product Biotechnology
1.    Capable of developing chemical analysis to support fisheries product quality.
2.    Capable of analyze the role of bioactive compounds from aquatic organism by usinng biological and clinical evaluation to develop fisheries industry.
3.    Capable of developing fishery industy based on biotechnology in supporting quality fisheries products.
4.    Capable of developing concepts of biotechnology based industry.
Knowledge
1.    Capable of mastering theory and science of aquatic biota health, aquaculture biotechnology and fishery product biotechnology in accordance with science philloshopy.
2.    Capable of mastering applied theory for the development of aquatic biota biotechnology, aquaculture biotechnology and fishery product biotechnology that is beneficial for communities and science.
Competencies of Master Program based on The Indonesian National Qualification Framework (KKNI)
1.    Capable of developing science, technology and arts in their field or professionals through innovative and empirical outputs generating research.
2.    Capable of solving science, technology problem through inter or multidesciplinary approaches.
3.    Capable of organizing research and development that is beneficial for communities, science and internationally recognized.

CURICULUM STRUCTURE MASTER OF FISHERIES AND MARINE BIOTECHNOLOGY
 
No Courses Code Compulsory Courses Year Semester Credit Competence
Semester 1
1 PHI601 Philosophy of Science 1 1 2 (2-0) Supporting
2 PNI697 Research Methodology 1 1 2 (2-0) Supporting
3 PLU601 Aquatic Biota Physiology 1 1 2 (2-0) Main
4 BIK602 Advance Biochemistry 1 1 2 (2-0) Pendukung
5 BIS603 Cell Biology and Molecular 1 1 3 (2-1) Main
6 BII618 Fish and Shrimp Immunology 1 1 2 (2-0) Main
7 KIA625 Chemical Analysis Technique and Molecular Biology 1 1 3 (2-1) Main
8
Elective Course 1 1 2 (2-0) Main
Sub-Total 18
Semester 2
Major: Aquatic Biota Health Biotechnology
9 MNS606 Management and Health Technology of Aquatic Biota and Environment I 1 2 3 (2-1) Specific
10 MNS607 Management and Health Technology of Aquatic Biota and Environment II 1 2 3 (2-1) Specific
11 BIT617 Genetic Engineering of Aquatic Biota 1 2 3 (2-1) Main
12 FAT602 Molecular Pharmacology 1 2 2 (2-0) Main
13 PLL601 Exploration of Aquatic Biota 1 2 2 (2-0) Main
14
Elective Course 1 2 2 (2-0) Main
Sub-Total 15
Major: Aquaculture Biotechnology
15 BIT632 Aquaculture Engineering 1 2 3 (2-1) Specific
16 PLP601 Formulation and Nutrition Processing Technology of Aquatic Biota 1 2 3 (2-1) Specific
17 BIT617 Genetic Engineering of Aquatic Biota 1 2 3 (2-1) Main
18 FAT602 Molecular Pharmacology 1 2 2 (2-0) Main
19 PLL601 Exploration of Aquatic Biota 1 2 2 (2-0) Main
20
Elective Course 1 2 2 (2-0) Main
Sub-Total 15
Major: Fisheries Product Biotechnology
21 BIT631 Bioindustry of Aquatic Biota 1 2 3 (2-1) Specific
22 BIT614 Marine Biotechnology 1 2 3 (2-1) Specific
23 BIT617 Genetic Engineering of Aquatic Biota 1 2 3 (2-1) Main
24 FAT602 Molecular Pharmacology 1 2 2 (2-0) Main
25 PLL601 Exploration of Aquatic Biota 1 2 2 (2-0) Main
26
Elective Course 1 2 2 (2-0) Main
Sub-Total 15
Semester 3
27 PNI698 Proposal and Seminar 2 3 2 (2-0) Main
28 PNI699 Thesis 2 3 6 (6-0) Main


Sub-Total

8

No Courses Code Elective Courses Year Semester Credit Competence
Odd Semester
1 BIT627 Reproduction Biotechnology 1 1 2 (2-0) Main
2 BIS616 Cell Culture / Embrio 1 1 2 (2-0) Main
3 BIT628 Environmental Biotechnology 1 1 2 (2-0) Main
Even Semester
4 BIT629 Health Preventive Biotechnology 1 2 2 (2-0) Main
5 BIT630 Fisheries Industrial Biotechnology 1 2 2 (2-0) Main
6 LKB608 Bioremidiation 1 2 2 (2-0) Main
6 LKB608 Bioremediasi 1 2 2 (2-0) Utama
5 BIT630 Bioteknologi Industri Perikanan 1 2 2 (2-0) Utama
6 LKB608 Bioremediasi 1 2 2 (2-0) Utama

SEMESTER 1
PHI601 PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE

Philosophy of science discusses basic science as the development of science, which includes of:

  1. reasoning science and logic,
  2. thingking processs (ontology, epistemology and axillology),
  3. methods of inducting and developing science, which contain:
    1. reasoning science and logic,
    2. deduction,
    3. Development of science and philosophical implications and
    4. 5) holistic paradigm.
REFERENCES:
1 A.J. 1995. Epistemology, The Theory of Knowledge, Harper and Row Publishier, Albaquerque.
2 J. and Planning, U. 2002. Biotechnology and Publich Perception of Technology, Berlin, Germany.iseases of Teleosts. Iowa State University Press/Ames.pp. 263.
PNI697 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
The Research Method course discusses both experimental and survey research, experimental design concepts, Complete Random Design (CRD), Smallest Significant Difference Test (BNT), Honest Real Difference (BNJ) and Duncam Multiple Berry Test, Orthogonal Contrast and Polynomial Comparison, Design Random Group (RAK), missing data, Latin Square Design (RBL), Factorial Experiment with RAL, Factorial Experiment with Factorial Classification and Experiment Design with Divided Plot Design.
REFERENCES:
1 Gomez, K.A. and A.A. Gomez. 1984. Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Recearch 2nd Ed. An International Rice Research Institute Book. Jhon Wiley & Son, Singapore.
2 Mey, W.J. 1985. Concepts of Matal hematic Modeling.. McGraw-Hill Book Company. New York. St. Louis, San Francisco, Singapore, Sydney, Tokyo, Toronto.
3 Steel R.G.D. and Torrie J.H, 1993. Principles and Procedures of Statistical Aproach. 4nd Ed. Mc-Graw-Hill Book Company, Tokyo, Japan.
PLU601 AQUATIC BIOTA PHYSIOLOGY
This course discusses the concept and scope of aquatic organism physiology, which is focused on the hormonal system of metabolism (biochemistry), fish reproduction and spawning, the mechanism of endocrine and hormone systems, osmoregulation, blood circulation systems, tools and respiratory system, bioenergy and biology development, physiological changes in aquatic animals due to external and internal factors (disease and pollution)related to the quality of fisheries and marine production.

REFERENCES:
1 Evans D.H. and James B. Claiborne. 2005. The Physiology of Fishes, Third Edition (Marine Biology). CRC; 3 edition.
2 Del Giorgio P.A. and J. le B. Williams. 2005. Respiration in Aquatic Ecosystems (Oxford Biology) Oxford University Press, USA
BIK602 ADVANCE BIOCHEMISTRY
This course discusses material on the scope of biochemistry which includes goals, benefits and biochemical developments start from carbohydrate, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids, enzymes, coenzymes, metabolism of carbohydrate, lipid, protein and amino acid , as well as enzyme reactions and biochemistry experiments, especially those that occur in aquatic biota.
REFERENCES:
1 Boyer, RF. 1993. Modern experimental biochemistry – second edition. The Ben/ Cummings Publishing Company, Inc. California. United States of America.
2 Lea, PJ and Leegood, RC. 1999. Plant biochemistry and molecular biology – second Edition. John Wiley & Sons Ltd. England. English.
3 Poedjiadi, A. 1994. Dasar-dasar biokimia. Universitas Indonesia Press. Jakarta.
4 Silverstein, RM and Webster, FX. 1998. Spectrometric identification of organic compounds – sixth edition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Canada.
BIS603 CELL BIOLOGY AND MOLECULAR
This course discusses animal cell molecularly (aquatic biota), which includes the structure and functions of organelles cell, interactions and communication of cell, cell cycles, mechanisms for cell growth and division, regulation of gene expression, replication, transcription, translation, enzymes restriction, ligation, DNA recombinant especially in aquatic biota.
REFERENCES:
1 Karp. 1988. Cell Molekular Biologi, Concepts and experiments, John Wiley & Sons Ltd. USA
2 Rolant A. R. 2002. Biotechnology and genetics in fisheries and aquaculture. Blackwell Publising. USA.
BII618 FISH AND SHRIMP IMMUNOLOGY
This course discusses the Immune System, Immunogen and Epitope, Immunoglobulin: structure, function and genetic control), humoral immunity, cell mediated immunity, receptor and recognation molecule, immunity to infections: viruses, bacteria and parasites, immunomodulation and immunosuppression, techniques Immunochemistry, immunostimulants and vaccines in fish and shrimp.
REFERENCES:
1 Destoumieux-Garzỏn D, Saulnier D, Garnier J, Jouffrey C, Bulet P and Bachềre E,2001. Crustacean Immunity : Antifungal Peptides are Generated from the C Terminus of Shrimp Hemocyanin in Response to Microbial Challenge, pp. 47070– 47077.
2 Roitt I., 1994. Essensial Immunology. 8th Blackwell Science Limited, Oxford.
3 Van de Braak, K. 2000. Haemocytic defence in black tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon), Disertation, van Wareningen Universiteit, Germany.
KIA625 CHEMICAL ANALYSIS TECHNIQUE AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
This course discusses various analytical methods, such as chemical analysis with instrumental analysis techniques which include: spectroscopic and chromatographic techniques (Spectrophotometry, UV-Vis, TLC, HPLC / GC and LC-MS), molecular biology analysis / materia genetic analysis techniques and its interpretation (electrophoresis technique, PCR, RFL-SSCP, DNA recombinant) and its application to aquatic health, aquaculture biotechnology and fisheries and marine products.
REFERENCES:
1 Grald Karp. 1988. Cell Molekular Biologi, Concepts and experiments, John Wiley & Sons Ltd. USA.
2 Beaumont A. R. 2002. Biotechnology and genetics in fisheries and aquaculture. Blackwell Publising. USA.
SEMESTER 2
MNS606 MANAGEMENT AND HEALTH TECHNOLOGY OF AQUATIC BIOTA AND ENVIRONMENT I
This course discusses the management and health technology of aquatic biota which includes the management and health technology of aquatic biota both in seeds and brood, analysis, prevention and control of parasitic diseases, especially those caused by protozoa, arthropods and worms.
REFERENCES:
1 Chamratchakool P, 1996, Health Management in Shrimp Ponds, Health Research Institute, Bangkok, Thailand, pp. 50 – 53.
2 Flegel TW (Ed), 1998. Advances in Shrimp Biotechnology, Biotech,The National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Thailand
3 Leatherland, J.F. and Woo, PTK. 1998. Fish Diseses and Disorder. Non Infectius Disorder. Vol. 2. CABI Publishing , New York, USA.
4 Woo, PTK. dan D.W. Bruno, 1999. Fish Diseases and Disorder. Viral, Bacterial and Fungal Infections. Vol. 3. CABI Publishing , New York, USA.
MNS607 MANAGEMENT AND HEALTH TECHNOLOGY OF AQUATIC BIOTA AND ENVIRONMENT II
This course discusses the management and health technology of aquatic biota which includes the management and health technology of aquatic biota, both seeds and brood, analysis, prevention and control of aquatic biota diseases, especially those caused by bacteria, fungi and viruses and due to bacterial, mycalic infections and viral.
REFERENCES:
1 Chamratchakool P, 1996, Health Management in Shrimp Ponds, Health Research Institute, Bangkok, Thailand, pp. 50 – 53.
2 Leatherland, J.F. and Woo, PTK. 1998. Fish Diseses and Disorder. Non Infectius Disorder. Vol. 2. CABI Publishing , New York, USA.
3 Woo, PTK. dan D.W. Bruno, 1999. Fish Diseases and Disorder. Viral, Bacterial and Fungal Infections. Vol. 3. CABI Publishing , New York, USA.
BIT617 GENETIC ENGINEERING OF AQUATIC BIOTA
This course discusses genetic engineering which includes: Basics of genetic engineering, understanding and history of genetic engineering, DNA understanding and isolation, The concept of Genetics, Breeding Strategy and Planning, Approach to genetic engineering applications in aquatic biota, Sex Control (Gynogenesis and Androgenesis ), Polyploidy, transgenic genetic engineering in aquatic biota.
REFERENCES:
1 Beaumont, A. R. and K. Hoare. 2003. Biotecnology and Genetics in Fisheries and Aquaculture.
2 Dunham, R. A. 2004. Aquaculture and Fisheries Biotechnology. Genetic Approaches
3 Kapuscinski, A. R., K. R. Hayes, S. Li and G. Dana. 2007. Environmental Risk Assessment of Genetically Modified Organisms. Methodologies for Transgenic Fish
FAT602 MOLECULAR PHARMACOLOGY
This course discusses the influence of drugs on the body (pharmacodynamics) and the body’s influence on drugs (pharmacokinetics) as well as drug poisoning in the body, which includes: antibiotics, antibiotic resistance, anti-fungal and anti-parasitic molecularly.
REFERENCES:
1 Katzung. 2003 Basic & Clinical Pharmacology. 8 th ed. A Simon & Schuster Company USA
2 Gilmans. 2005. The Pharmacological Basic of Therapeutic10 th ed. Mac Millan Publishing Company.
3 Bailliere Tindall. 1996. Veterinary Applied Pharmacology an Therapeutic. Branmder GC. 3 th
PLL601 EXPLORATION OF AQUATIC BIOTA
This course discusses primary and secondary metabolism of aquatic organisms, the content and role of bioactive metabolites from marine algae, fungi, bacteria, marine invertebrates, various aquatic biota industrial products and their biotechnological applications (agar, alginate, carrageenan, chitin, chitosan, fumigation , canning, fermentation, probiotics, nutrition enrichment and single cell oil).
REFERENCES:
1 Bakhuni, DS and Rawat DS. 2005. Bioactive marine natural products. Anamaya Publishers. New Delhi. India.
2 Chen F and Jiang Y. 2001. Algae and their biotechnological potential. Kluwer Academic Publishers. Netherlands. Dutch.
3 Kyle, DJ and Ratledge, C. 1992. Industrial applications of single cell oils. American Oil Chemists` Society Champaign. Illinois. United States of America.
4 Manitto, P. 1981. Biosynthesis of natural products. Ellis Horwood Limited. England. English.
SEMESTER 2
BIT632 AQUACULTURE ENGINEERING
This course discusses the engineering of aquaculture methods which include: design and construction of ponds, engineering of seedlings, engineering of optimization of cultivation media, engineering of prevention and prevention of diseases, engineering of feed management and improvement of social and economic related individuals.
REFERENCES:
1 Beaumon, A.R. Biotechnology and Genetics in Fisheries and Aquculture, 5ed. Kluwer Academic Publishers. Netherlands. Dutch.
2 Kyle, DJ and Ratledge, C. 1992. Industrial applications of single cell oils. American Oil Chemists` Society Champaign. Illinois. United States of America.
3 Dunham, R.A.Aquaculture and Fisheries Biotechnology, Genetics Approaches. 4 Edition.Elsevier. Thailand.
PLL601 FORMULATION AND NUTRITION PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY OF AQUATIC BIOTA
This course discusses the basic concepts and history of bioremediation, biological control, probiotics, bacteria and nutrient cycles, productivity and aquatic fertility, Cyanobacteria as biofertilizers, water pollution and bioremediation by microalgae, bioactive chemicals, bioremediation applications for aquaculture and processing.
REFERENCES:
1 Halver, J. E. and R. W. hardy. 2002. Fish Nutrition. 8th Blackwell Science Limited, Oxford
2 Lannan, J. E., R. O. Smitherman and G. Tchobanoglous. 1986. Principles and Practices of Pond Aquaculture.
3 Lim, C. and C. D. Webster. 2001. Nutrition and Fish Health. Illinois. United States of America.
4 Shepperd, C. j. and N. R. Bromage. 1996. Intensive Fish Farming Kluwer Academic Publishers. Netherlands. Dutch.
BIT617 GENETIC ENGINEERING OF AQUATIC BIOTA
This course discusses genetic engineering which includes: the basics of genetic engineering, understanding and history of genetic engineering, understanding and isolation of DNA, the concept of genetics, breeding strategies and planning, the approach of genetic engineering applications to aquatic biota, sex control (gynogenesis and androgenesis ), polyploidy, transgenic genetic engineering in aquatic biota.
REFERENCES:
1 Beaumont, A. R. and K. Hoare. 2003. Biotecnology and Genetics in Fisheries and Aquaculture.
2 Dunham, R. A. 2004. Aquaculture and Fisheries Biotechnology. Genetic Approaches
3 Kapuscinski, A. R., K. R. Hayes, S. Li and G. Dana. 2007. Environmental Risk Assessment of Genetically Modified Organisms. Methodologies for Transgenic Fish
FAT602 MOLECULAR PHARMACOLOGY
This course discusses the influence of drugs on the body (pharmacodynamics) and the body’s influence on drugs (pharmacokinetics) and drug poisoning in the body, which includes: antibiotics, antibiotic resistance, anti-fungal and anti-parasitic molecularly.

REFERENCES:
1 Katzung. 2003 Basic & Clinical Pharmacology. 8 th ed. A Simon & Schuster Company USA
2 Gilmans. 2005. The Pharmacological Basic of Therapeutic10 th ed. Mac Millan Publishing Company.
3 Bailliere Tindall. 1996. Veterinary Applied Pharmacology an Therapeutic. Branmder GC. 3 th
PLL601 EXPLORATION OF AQUATIC BIOTA
This course discusses primary and secondary metabolism of aquatic organisms, the content and role of bioactive metabolites from marine algae, fungi, bacteria, marine invertebrates, various aquatic biota industrial products and their biotechnological applications (agar, alginate, carrageenan, chitin, chitosan, fumigation , canning, fermentation, probiotics, nutrition enrichment and single cell oil).
REFERENCES:
1 Bakhuni, DS and Rawat DS. 2005. Bioactive marine natural products. Anamaya Publishers. New Delhi. India.
2 Chen F and Jiang Y. 2001. Algae and their biotechnological potential. Kluwer Academic Publishers. Netherlands. Dutch.
3 Kyle, DJ and Ratledge, C. 1992. Industrial applications of single cell oils. American Oil Chemists` Society Champaign. Illinois. United States of America.
4 Manitto, P. 1981. Biosynthesis of natural products. Ellis Horwood Limited. England. English.
SEMESTER 2
BIT631 BIOINDUSTRY OF AQUATIC BIOTA
This course discusses the basic concepts and the development of the fisheries industry, which includes: construction and industrial design, biotechnology and management of raw materials, quality control management, biosecurity, biological control, chemistry, physic, requirements for processed products with export quality
REFERENCES:
1 Halver, J. E. and R. W. hardy. 2002. Fish Nutrition. 8th Blackwell Science Limited, Oxford
2 Lim, C. and C. D. Webster. 2001. Nutrition and Fish Health. Illinois. United States of America.
3 Shepperd, C. j. and N. R. Bromage. 2006. Fisheries Farming Industry. Kluwer Academic Publishers. Netherlands. Dutch.
BIT614 MARINE BIOTECHNOLOGY
This course discusses biotechnology and the biological processes of marine biota, metabolism and co-metabolism, cell structure, strain development and aspects of genetic engineering of marine biota.
REFERENCES:
1 Bakhuni, DS and Rawat DS. 2005. Bioactive marine natural products. Anamaya Publishers. New Delhi. India.
2 Chen F and Jiang Y. 2001. Algae and their biotechnological potential. Kluwer Academic Publishers. Netherlands. Dutch.
3 Kyle, DJ and Ratledge, C. 1992. Industrial applications of single cell oils. American Oil Chemists` Society Champaign. Illinois. United States of America.
4 Manitto, P. 1981. Biosynthesis of natural products. Ellis Horwood Limited. England. English.
BIT617 GENETIC ENGINEERING OF AQUATIC BIOTA
This course discusses genetic engineering which includes: the basics of genetic engineering, understanding and history of genetic engineering, understanding and isolation of DNA, the concept of genetics, breeding strategies and planning, the approach to the application of genetic engineering to aquatic biota, sex control (gynogenesis and androgenesis ), polyploidy, transgenic genetic engineering in aquatic biota.
REFERENCES:
1 Beaumont, A. R. and K. Hoare. 2003. Biotecnology and Genetics in Fisheries and Aquaculture.
2 Dunham, R. A. 2004. Aquaculture and Fisheries Biotechnology. Genetic Approaches
3 Kapuscinski, A. R., K. R. Hayes, S. Li and G. Dana. 2007. Environmental Risk Assessment of Genetically Modified Organisms. Methodologies for Transgenic Fish
FAT602 MOLECULAR PHARMACOLOGY
This course discusses the influence of drugs on the body (pharmacodynamics) and the body’s influence on drugs (pharmacokinetics) and drug poisoning in the body, which includes: antibiotics, antibiotic resistance, anti-fungal and anti-parasitic molecularly.
REFERENCES:
1 Katzung. 2003 Basic & Clinical Pharmacology. 8 th ed. A Simon & Schuster Company USA
2 Gilmans. 2005. The Pharmacological Basic of Therapeutic10 th ed. Mac Millan Publishing Company.
3 Bailliere Tindall. 1996. Veterinary Applied Pharmacology an Therapeutic. Branmder GC. 3 th
PLL601 EXPLORATION OF AQUATIC BIOTA
This course discusses primary and secondary metabolism of aquatic organisms, the content and role of bioactive metabolites from marine algae, fungi, bacteria, marine invertebrates, various aquatic biota industrial products and their biotechnological applications (agar, alginate, carrageenan, chitin, chitosan, fumigation , canning, fermentation, probiotics, nutrition enrichment and single cell oil).
REFERENCES:
1 Bakhuni, DS and Rawat DS. 2005. Bioactive marine natural products. Anamaya Publishers. New Delhi. India.
2 Chen F and Jiang Y. 2001. Algae and their biotechnological potential. Kluwer Academic Publishers. Netherlands. Dutch.
3 Kyle, DJ and Ratledge, C. 1992. Industrial applications of single cell oils. American Oil Chemists` Society Champaign. Illinois. United States of America.
SEMESTER 3
PNI698 PROPOSAL AND SEMINAR
This course discusses how to make proposals in accordance with scientific fields, starting from 1) background, formulation of problems, research objectives and benefits, 2) literature review, 3) conceptual framework and hypothesis, 4 ) research method and 5) references.
REFERENCES:
1 Textbook relating to the year of publication starting in 2000
2 International Journal starting in 2005
PNI699 THESIS
This course discusses how to make a thesis in accordance with the scientific field, which consists of: Chapter 1: Background, Formulation of Problems, Research Objectives and Benefits, Chapter 2: Literature Review, Chapter 3: Conceptual Framework and Hypothesis, Chapter 4: Research Methods, Chapter 5: Results and Discussion, Chapter 6: Conclusions and Suggestions and Chapter 7: References.
REFERENCES:
1 Textbook relating to the year of publication starting in 2000
2 International Journal starting in 2005
ELECTIVE COURSES
BIT627 REPRODUCTION BIOTECHNOLOGY
This course discusses the superior quality engineering of brood and seed production, which includes: superior brood selection, quality seed production and no diseases, SPR and SPF seed production, application of transgenic technology in aquatic biota, aquatic biota breeding system, health reproduction of aquatic biota, anatomy reproduction of aquatic biota, endocrine and hormon reproduction of aquatic biota, reproduction cycle, spermiation and ovulation techniques, reproduction technology in marine biota.
REFERENCES:
1 Beaumon, A.R. Biotechnology and Genetics in Fisheries and Aquculture, 5ed. Kluwer Academic Publishers. Netherlands. Dutch.
2 Kyle, DJ and Ratledge, C. 1992. Industrial applications of single cell oils. American Oil Chemists` Society Champaign. Illinois. United States of America.
3 Kapuscinski, A.R., K.R. Hayes, S.L., and G. Dana. Environment Risk Assesment of Genetically Modified Organisms, Metodologies for transgenics Fish. Second Edition, Elsevisier. Thailand.
BIS616 CELL CULTURE / EMBRIO
This course discusses: 1) definition, history, potential and prospects, classification, and the basics of cell / tissue growth theory, 2) development of cell / embryo culture, 3) media, equipment, basic concepts of in vitro cell culture and embryos, including aseptic techniques and efforts to prevent contamination of culture systems, 4) methods of sterilization of tools and materials, manufacture of primary cultures, isolation and sub-culture techniques, cell growth and maintenance of cell lines and cell cryopreservation and 5) utilization of culture specimens for engineering, chromosome analysis (karyotyping) in the field of fisheries research.
REFERENCES:
1 Bolsover S, Hyams JS, Shephard EA, White HA, Wiedemann CG. 2004. Cell Biology : A Short Course, 2nd ed. John Wiley & Sons. USA. 552 pp.
2 Butler M. 2004. Animal Cell Culture and Technology, 2nd ed. BIOS Scientific. USA. 256 pp.
3 Davis J. 2002 Basic Cell Culture : A Practical Approach, 2nd ed. Oxford University Press. England. 416 pp.
BIT628 ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHNOLOGY
This course discusses: types of environmental pollution, methods of measuring pollution, environmental management methodologies, biodegradation of environmental contaminants, water as natural resources, sources of water pollution, waste water management – physical, chemical and biological treatment of wastewater, aerobic and anaerobic processes, probiotics, microbiology of xenobiotic degradation in the environment.
REFERENCES:
1 Beaumon, A.R. Biotechnology and Genetics in Fisheries and Aquculture, 5ed. Kluwer Academic Publishers. Netherlands. Dutch.
2 Kyle, DJ and Ratledge, C. 1992. Industrial applications of single cell oils. American Oil Chemists` Society Champaign. Illinois. United States of America.
3 Kapuscinski, A.R., K.R. Hayes, S.L., and G. Dana. Environment Risk Assesment of Genetically Modified Organisms, Metodologies for transgenics Fish. Second Edition, Elsevisier. Thailand.
BIT629 HEALTH PREVENTIVE BIOTECHNOLOGY
This course discusses environmental engineering to get quality, optimum and healthy, including: probiotic engineering, environmental engineering with biofilter, environmental biofermentation and material organic biotechnology.
REFERENCES:
1 Beaumon, A.R. Biotechnology and Genetics in Fisheries and Aquculture, 5ed. Kluwer Academic Publishers. Netherlands. Dutch.
2 Kyle, DJ and Ratledge, C. 1992. Industrial applications of single cell oils. American Oil Chemists` Society Champaign. Illinois. United States of America.
3 Kapuscinski, A.R., K.R. Hayes, S.L., and G. Dana. Environment Risk Assesment of Genetically Modified Organisms, Metodologies for transgenics Fish. Second Edition, Elsevisier. Thailand.
BIT630 FISHERIES INDUSTRIAL BIOTECHNOLOGY
This course discusses the basic concepts and development of the fisheries industry, which includes: industrial construction and design, biotechnology and raw material management, quality control management, biosecurity, biological control, chemistry, physic, requirements for processed products with export quality
REFERENCES:
1 Halver, J. E. and R. W. hardy. 2002. Fish Nutrition. 8th Blackwell Science Limited, Oxford
2 LanLim, C. and C. D. Webster. 2001. Nutrition and Fish Health. Illinois. United States Of America.
3 Shepperd, C. j. and N. R. Bromage. 2006. Fisheries Farming Industry. Kluwer Academic Publishers. Netherlands. Dutch.
LKB608 BIOREMIDIATION
This course discusses the basic concepts and history of bioremediation, biological control, probiotics, bacteria and nutrient cycles, productivity and aquatic fertility, Cyanobacteria as biofertilizers, water pollution and bioremediation by microalgae, checimal bioactive, bioremediation applications for aquaculture and processing.
REFERENCES:
1 Lannan, J. E., R. O. Smitherman and G. Tchobanoglous. 1986. Principles and Practices of Pond Aquaculture.
2 Pillay, T. V. R. and M. N. Kutty. 2005. Aquaculture. Principles and Practices.
3 Richmond, A. 2004. Hand Book of Microalgal Culture. Biotechnology and Applied Phycology.