Coral reefs are one part of the marine ecosystem that provides a source of life for marine biota, such as maintaining the stability of the ecological conditions of marine waters, a habitat for some marine biota, a spawning ground, and shelter for marine animals. Indonesia has a coral reef area of about 50,000 km2 with various types and high productivity of primer (Ikhsan and Syahrival, 2014). The genus Platygyra has seven types of species. One of the species found in Indonesia is Platygyra sinensis (Madjid, 2022). With its shape resembling a human brain, Platygyra sinensis coral is often known as ‘brain coral.’ This type of coral can be found in warm climates, such as the Pacific and Caribbean Islands.
Platygyra sinensis can be found at a depth of 3-5 meters, is brownish, and consists of 2 bend lines (Wahyudi, 2013). This coral reef is relatively slow growing with a growth rate of only about 1-3 cm per year, but the age of this coral reef reaches thousands of years, and its size will increase. The sinuous growth pattern protects various species of fish and small marine creatures that live in it. In addition, its brain-like shape allows it to withstand waves and protect the coast from erosion. Unfortunately, Platygyra coral reefs face serious threats from climate change, pollution, and other human activities. Increased seawater temperatures caused by climate change can lead to bleaching or bleaching of coral reefs, threatening the survival of Platygyra and other coral organisms. Therefore, preserving and protecting Platygyra coral reefs and their marine environment is critical to maintaining biodiversity in this important marine ecosystem.
Writer: Aulia Dista Mahrunisa
Ikhsan dan B. Syahrival. 2014. Willingness to Pay Masyarakat untuk Melindungi Terumbu Karang di Pulau Weh. Jurnal Kebangsaan. 3(5).
Madjid, M. R. (2022). Distribusi Tingkat Pigmentasi Gonad Sebagai Petunjuk Pola Reproduksi Karang Family Faviidae Di Kepulauan Spermonde Kota Makassar= Distribution Of Gonad Pigmentation Level As A Guide To Reproductive Patterns Of Family Faviidae Corals In Spermonde Islands, Makassar City (Doctoral dissertation, Universitas Hasanuddin).
Wahyudi, R. (2013). Keanekaragaman Jenis Terumbu Karang di Pantai Kondang Merak Kabupaten Malang (Doctoral dissertation, Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim).